How to Know when a Heifer or Cow Is Ready to Be Bred

Knowing when a heifer or cow is ready to be bred is important to a breeding operation. There are specific guidelines one must follow to ensure that a heifer or cow is ready to be bred.

PLEASE remember these two important terms when reading about heifers and cows below:

Heifers are female bovines that have not had a calf. A heifer will no longer be a heifer after she has had her second calf where she becomes a Cow: a female MATURE bovine that has had two calves. Heifers remain heifers from the day they are born until they have had their
Method 1 of 2: Breeding Heifers
Depending on the breed of the heifer, most heifers will start to show the first signs of heat when they are between 9 and 22 months of age.
The rate of sexual maturity or puberty is determinate of genes and breeding. The rate of maturity, being carcass maturity, is not directly related nor determinate of when a heifer is ready to breed. Carcass maturity is when bone and muscle growth plateau’s off and fat begins to be laid down.

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